Cancer in Central and South America Project

The Cancer in Central and South America Project is a collaboration between the Section of Cancer Surveillance of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the Red de Institutos e Instituciones Nacionales de Cáncer (RINC) and cancer registries in the Central and South American region. The project commenced in 2013, with the primary objective of collating data collected by these cancer registries; presenting the data in a standardized, comparable format; and making them available to cancer research and control communities within the region and elsewhere.

Three online resources are available from the Cancer in Central and South America Project:

Cancer in Central and South America

This supplement issue of the journal Cancer Epidemiology comprises a series of 17 peer-reviewed, open access papers describing the background, methodology and results of the project. Included in the collection are a broad overview of cancer incidence and mortality patterns within the region and 14 cancer site-specific papers looking in detail at the geographical and temporal patterns for the major cancers.

Cancer Epidemiology [Volume 44 Supplement 1] (2016)

  1. Foreword Wild CP, Delgado L.
  2. Cancer in Central and South America: Introduction Forman D.,Sierra MS.
  3. Cancer in Central and South America: Methodology Sierra MS,Forman D.
  4. Cancer patterns and trends in Central and South America Sierra MS, Soerjomataram I, Antoni S, Laversanne M, Piñeros M, de Vries E, Forman D.
  5. Head and neck cancer burden and preventive measures in Central and South America Perdomo S, Roa GM, Brennan P, Forman D, Sierra MS.
  6. The burden of oesophageal cancer in Central and South America Barrios E, Sierra MS, Musetti C, Forman D.
  7. Stomach cancer burden in Central and South America Sierra MS, Cueva P, Bravo LE, Forman D.
  8. Burden of colorectal cancer in Central and South America Sierra MS, Forman D.
  9. Burden of gallbladder cancer in Central and South America Izarzugaza MI, Fernández L, Forman D, Sierra MS.
  10. Descriptive epidemiology of lung cancer and current status of tobacco control measures in Central and South America Piñeros M, Sierra MS, Forman D.
  11. The burden of cutaneous melanoma and status of preventive measures in Central and South America de Vries E, Sierra MS, Loria D, Forman D.
  12. Female breast cancer in Central and South America Di Sibio A, Abriata G, Forman D, Sierra MS.
  13. Cervical cancer in Central and South America: Burden of disease and status of disease control Murillo R, Herrero R, Sierra MS, Forman D.
  14. Prostate cancer burden in Central and South America Sierra MS, Soerjomataram I, Forman D.
  15. Descriptive epidemiology of brain and central nervous system cancers in Central and South America Piñeros M, Sierra MS, Izarzugaza I, Forman D.
  16. Thyroid cancer burden in Central and South America Sierra MS, Soerjomataram I, Forman D.
  17. Hodgkin lymphoma burden in Central and South America Kusminsky G, Abriata G, Forman D, Sierra MS.
  18. The burden of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in Central and South America Diumenjo MC, Abriata G, Forman D, Sierra MS.

This material comprises a set of cancer profiles for each of the 22 countries within the region, providing standardized tabulations and graphics for each country and each contributing cancer registry.

To view a country profile, click on the country name:

These papers provide a detailed consideration of the etiology of the 14 specific sites of cancer considered in the supplement issue of Cancer Epidemiology within the context of risk factors relevant to the region. All papers have been peer reviewed.

  1. Etiology of head and neck cancer (C01–14, C32) in Central and South America
  2. Etiology of oesophageal cancer (C15) in Central and South America
  3. Etiology of stomach cancer (C16) in Central and South America
  4. Etiology of colorectal cancer (C18–20) in Central and South America
  5. Etiology of gallbladder cancer (C23–24) in Central and South America
  6. Etiology of lung cancer (C33–34) in Central and South America
  7. Etiology of melanoma (C43) in Central and South America
  8. Etiology of breast cancer (C50) in Central and South America
  9. Etiology of cervical cancer (C53) in Central and South America
  10. Etiology of prostate cancer (C61) in Central and South America
  11. Etiology of brain and central nervous system cancer (C70–72) in Central and South America
  12. Etiology of thyroid cancer (C73) in Central and South America
  13. Etiology of Hodgkin lymphoma (C81) in Central and South America
  14. Etiology of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (C82–85, C96) in Central and South America

Citation information for this material is provided at the beginning of each paper.
For example:
Perdomo S, Roa GM, Brennan P, Forman D, Sierra MS (2016).
Etiology of head and neck cancer (C01–14, C32) in Central and South America.
In: Cancer in Central and South America.
Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer.
Available from: http://www-dep.iarc.fr/CSU_resources.htm, accessed [date].

A complete list of the Cancer in Central and South America Working Group participants, including all the contributing registries is available here and the project's Editorial Board members are listed here.

Working Group members represented their respective cancer registries at the time of the call for data in 2013. Current contact information for cancer registries in the region can be found at the International Association of Cancer Registries (IACR) website.